Module developed by Ronald D. Archer, William G. Cumming, and Abraham M.
        Rennert, the New England team.

Epstein, I. (1987, March 30). Patterns in time and space. Chemical and Engineering
        News, 65(13), 24-36.

A number of these oscillating reactions contain halogen compounds, but details
may be beyond typical high school students. On the other hand, exceptionally
able students can find these challenging.
Fortman, J. J. (1993, September). A simpler tomato juice demonstration of halogen
        addition to double bonds. Chem 13 News, p. 30.

Franz, H. W., and Malm, E. (1968). Fundamental experiments for college chemistry
        (2nd Ed.). San Francisco, CA: Freeman.

Greenwood, N. N., and Earnshaw, A. (1984). Chemistry of the elements. Oxford: Pergamon.

Hileman, B. (1988, August 1). Fluoridation of water. Chemical and Engineering News,
        66(31), 26-42.

Excellent information on the use of fluoride as a preventive measure for tooth
Kolb, D. (Ed.). (1988). Journal of Chemical Education, 65(11), 1004-1005.
This short note contains two overhead projector oscillating-reaction
demonstrations appropriate for this module.
Mohrig, J. R., and Child, W. C., Jr. (1987). Chemistry in perspective . Newton, MA:
    Allyn & Bacon.
Good background source for this module.
The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. (1990). Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica.
See Organic halogen compounds, Halogens, Photography (Technology of), in
this or other modern encyclopedia for additional information concerning
Pryde, L. (1973). Environmental chemistry. Menlo Park, CA: Benjamin/Cummings.
Good background source for this module.
Shakhashiri, B. Z. (1983). Chemical demonstrations: A handbook for teachers of
    chemistry, Volume 1. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.
The following are relevant to this module: Demonstration 1.25: Reaction of
Sodium and Chlorine; Demonstration 1.26: Reaction of Antimony and Chlorine;
Demonstration 1.28: Reaction of Aluminum and Bromine; Demonstration 1.29:
Reaction of White Phosphorus and Chlorine; and Demonstration 1.30: Reaction
of Red Phosphorus and Bromine.
Topics in Chemistry: Ozone–Chlorofluorocarbons and the Hole in the Ozone Layer.,
    available from ICE–Institute for Chemical Education, Department of Chemistry,
    Universit of Wisconsin-Madison, 1101University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706-
    1396: (608) 262-3033 (voice) or (608) 262-0381 (FAX).


Transparency Masters

1. Oxoanions and Acids of Chlorine
2. The Halogens
3. Word Search
4. Halogens Crossword Puzzle



Table of Contents Topic Overview Concept (Lab 1) Concept (Lab 2) Demonstrations
 Q's & Activities
Tips for the Teacher
Media Links